Grammar Portfolio

Semicolons {;}

Semicolons is like the rice in a sushi roll, you have the fish rolled up inside the rice and the seaweed wrapped around it. The rice is the bond to forming the sushi, without the rice there would be no sushi roll. It would just be a sashimi dish.

Example:

– Her family knew her as a friendly, smart, and easy going type of girl; she was working towards a great future for herself, she was getting somewhere in life where most people her age would not be. (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Profile 2nd Paragraph)

Colons {:}

Colons are like the brain farts you get when you were about to tell an exciting story, but then you forget. But when you wait just a few more seconds your train of thought comes back, and you get to finish telling your exciting story.

Example:

– All of these stories make me sad: makes me angry: but most of all makes me want to take action! (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Report 2nd Paragraph)

Em Dashes {—}

Em dashes could be compared to running, running is the independent clause and when you get a side cramp (em dash) it causes an interruption in your activity. Minus the em dash you would still be able to finish your run like nothing happened.

Example:

– Something like this is never easy to try to put together for a family— it’s tragic, and heartbreaking. (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Report 2nd Paragraph)

Parentheses {( )}

Parentheses is like the loud music outside, when I have been studying for too many hours for an exam. It might have reminded me to take a small break — but it made me lose focus of what I was doing.

Example:

– To make this long story short he (Wil Craig) was the passenger in his girlfriend’s car, she was texting while driving next thing they know they totaled the car and it a big tree. (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Wil Craig News Blog, 1st Paragraph)

Quotation Marks {“ “}

All those quotations marks are like skittles, every piece is unique in color and taste but they are all from the same brand, by reviewing it, you can make connections that they belong in one grammar family.

Example:

– “Craig’s girlfriend walked away without even a scratch, but he said the doctors didn’t believe he would be more than a vegetable the rest of his life.” (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Wil Craig News Blog, 1st paragraph)

Apostrophes {‘}

An apostrophe shows that something is yours (a possession), or that it is being kept for you. Similar to a rain check at the store, even though it’s not available at the moment you can come back for it.

Example:

– “The Do’s and Don’ts of Driving,” ( Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Instructions, Title)

Ellipses {. . .}

Hesitated ellipses is like that pause during the middle of a song, you think the song is over but then it bring you right back into the music. Ellipses that are trailing off brings you away from the sentence, not necessarily ending it but hold a place so you can come back and revisit it later on.

Example: 

“… although 39 states has had some type of law to at least cutting texting and driving to a certain point, if not more.” (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Posts, Latest)

Brackets {[]}

Brackets are like the dictionary, you think you know the definition to a word but you aren’t sure of the full detailed meaning. So you use a (dictionary) to find the complete meaning.

Example:

“Things that happen like that makes me just so angry, Wil has to start his life all over because mentally he has to re-learn everything he knew. The article also said that they didn’t press charges, her family was lucky they didn’t lose her [girlfriend].” (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Post, Wil Craig News)

Capital Letters {ABC}

Capitalizing on Title Case is like like pointing out the main points, you want to make sure that it has the spotlight when it’s needed so people can understand that it’s important.

Example:

The Do’s and Don’ts of Driving (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Instructions)

Italics {italics}

Italics are like the of my textbooks, but the chapters or each section are what go in the quotation marks.

Example:

“Sending or receiving a text takes a driver’s eyes from the road for an average of 4.6 seconds, the equivalent – at 55 mph – of driving the length of an entire football field, blind (NHTSA).(Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Proposal, Summary)

Fragments { . }

Fragments are like the waves in the ocean, if you use it at the wrong time or incorrectly they bash you into the water, but if you use them right you can ride it out to the shore.

Example:

“It won’t be easy to just forgive or forget, I wouldn’t want to have that on my conscience.  I definitely don’t.”  (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, About, Last Paragraph)

Comma Splices { , }

Comma splices is like two roomates, you can hope that the person you room with will be independent like you, because two independent people usually have a clean home. But, if you had one of those couch potato roommates, then you’re out of luck for having a clean place.

Example:

“They had to settle for only $500,000, now from experience of working, school, and family, each of them losing a leg disables them to work certain jobs.” (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Report, First Paragraph)

Hyphens { – }

Hyphens are like the the toppings on on a pizza made by me. Sometimes I like to space the toppings really close together while other times I just throw them on.

Example:

“Not very many innocent-harmless people are aware of what is going on around them when they are driving.” ( Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Proposal, Problem)

Numbers {1 or one}

Numerals or words when writing numbers is like packing for a trip, sometimes the bigger items are harder to fold so we just roll them up, choosing between folding or rolling depends on the layout of your luggage. Choosing between words or numerals when writing depends on what we’re writing. For technical or statistical papers we’d want to use numbers while on others words are more preferable.

Example:

“It’s hard to try to make the roads safer for everyone, when it just takes one person to look away from the road and run a red light, hit a pedestrian, or even miss a curve in the road.” (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Proposal, Problem)

Abbreviations {abbr.}

Abbreviations is like the difference between regular nail polish and gel nail polish. While regular polish is much faster to put on, it takes longer to dry, while with gel polish the curing time is the drying time so you don’t have to worry about them getting ruined. You take shortcuts (abbreviate) so to make things faster but it all adds up to getting nail polish on your fingers.

Example:

“Instead of shutting down communications entirely, this app reads text messages and emails out loud in real time, including shortcuts like LOL, and sends an auto-response.” (Texting and Driving It Can Wait, Proposal, Solution)

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